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Table of contents
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-1
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-2
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-3
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-4
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-5
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-6
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-7
DEGREES OF SENTIMENTAL ATTACHMENT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS-8
A VIEW OF MATRIMONY IN THREE DIFFERENT LIGHTS
FEMALE FRIENDSHIP
A LETTER TO A NEW MARRIED MAN
ITALIAN DEBAUCHERY
CUSTOM IN THE MOGUL EMPIRE
ANECDOTE OF CAESAR
POWER OF PHILTRES AND CHARMS
LAPLAND AND GREENLAND LADY
ART OF DETERMINING THE PRECISE FIGURE, THE DEGREE OF BEAUTY,THE HABITS, AND THE AGE, OF WOMEN, NOTWITHSTANDING THE AIDS AND DISGUISES OF DRESS
THE IDEAL OF FEMALE BEAUTY; OR A DESCRIPTION OF THE FAMOUS STATUE OF THE VENUS DE MEDICI
AN ESSAY ON MATRIMONY-1
AN ESSAY ON MATRIMONY-2
Three Contributions to the Theory of Sex. PREFACE
THE SEXUAL ABERRATIONS-1.1
DEVIATION IN REFERENCE TO THE SEXUAL AIM-1.2
GENERAL STATEMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL PERVERSIONS-1.3
PARTIAL IMPULSES AND EROGENOUS ZONES-1.4
THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.1
THE SEXUAL AIM OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.2
THE INFANTILE SEXUAL INVESTIGATION-2.3
THE SOURCES OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.4
THE TRANSFORMATION OF PUBERTY-3
THE THEORY OF THE LIBIDO-3.1
SUMMARY-3.2
SUMMARY-3.3
INDEX-1
INDEX-2
INDEX-3

these new intentions have already been indicated in the normal sexual 

act. 

 

*Touching and Looking.*--At least a certain amount of touching is 

indispensable for a person in order to attain the normal sexual aim. It 

is also generally known that the touching of the skin of the sexual 

object causes much pleasure and produces a supply of new excitement. 

Hence, the lingering at the touching can hardly be considered a 

perversion if the sexual act is proceeded with. 

 

The same holds true in the end with looking which is analogous to 

touching. The manner in which the libidinous excitement is frequently 

awakened is by the optical impression, and selection takes account of 

this circumstance--if this teleological mode of thinking be 

permitted--by making the sexual object a thing of beauty. The covering 

of the body, which keeps abreast with civilization, serves to arouse 

sexual inquisitiveness, which always strives to restore for itself the 

sexual object by uncovering the hidden parts. This can be turned into 

the artistic ("sublimation") if the interest is turned from the genitals 

to the form of the body.[20] The tendency to linger at this intermediary 

sexual aim of the sexually accentuated looking is found to a certain 

degree in most normals; indeed it gives them the possibility of 

directing a certain amount of their libido to a higher artistic aim. On 

the other hand, the fondness for looking becomes a perversion (_a_) when 

it limits itself entirely to the genitals; (_b_) when it becomes connected 

with the overcoming of loathing (voyeurs and onlookers at the functions 

of excretion); and (_c_) when instead of preparing for the normal sexual 

aim it suppresses it. The latter, if I may draw conclusions from a 

single analysis, is in a most pronounced way true of exhibitionists, who 

expose their genitals so as in turn to bring to view the genitals of 

others. 

 

In the perversion which consists in striving to look and be looked at we 

are confronted with a very remarkable character which will occupy us 

even more intensively in the following aberration. The sexual aim is 

here present in twofold formation, in an _active_ and a _passive_ form. 

 

The force which is opposed to the peeping mania and through which it is 

eventually abolished is _shame_ (like the former loathing). 

 

*Sadism and Masochism.*--The desire to cause pain to the sexual object 

and its opposite, the most frequent and most significant of all 

perversions, was designated in its two forms by v. Krafft-Ebing as 

sadism or the active form, and masochism or the passive form. Other 


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