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Table of contents
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-1
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-2
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-3
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-4
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-5
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-6
THE FIRST WOMAN, AND HER ANTEDILUVIAN DESCENDANTS-7
DEGREES OF SENTIMENTAL ATTACHMENT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS-8
A VIEW OF MATRIMONY IN THREE DIFFERENT LIGHTS
FEMALE FRIENDSHIP
A LETTER TO A NEW MARRIED MAN
ITALIAN DEBAUCHERY
CUSTOM IN THE MOGUL EMPIRE
ANECDOTE OF CAESAR
POWER OF PHILTRES AND CHARMS
LAPLAND AND GREENLAND LADY
ART OF DETERMINING THE PRECISE FIGURE, THE DEGREE OF BEAUTY,THE HABITS, AND THE AGE, OF WOMEN, NOTWITHSTANDING THE AIDS AND DISGUISES OF DRESS
THE IDEAL OF FEMALE BEAUTY; OR A DESCRIPTION OF THE FAMOUS STATUE OF THE VENUS DE MEDICI
AN ESSAY ON MATRIMONY-1
AN ESSAY ON MATRIMONY-2
Three Contributions to the Theory of Sex. PREFACE
THE SEXUAL ABERRATIONS-1.1
DEVIATION IN REFERENCE TO THE SEXUAL AIM-1.2
GENERAL STATEMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL PERVERSIONS-1.3
PARTIAL IMPULSES AND EROGENOUS ZONES-1.4
THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.1
THE SEXUAL AIM OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.2
THE INFANTILE SEXUAL INVESTIGATION-2.3
THE SOURCES OF THE INFANTILE SEXUALITY-2.4
THE TRANSFORMATION OF PUBERTY-3
THE THEORY OF THE LIBIDO-3.1
SUMMARY-3.2
SUMMARY-3.3
INDEX-1
INDEX-2
INDEX-3

 

 

 

3. GENERAL STATEMENTS APPLICABLE TO ALL PERVERSIONS 

 

*Variation and Disease.*--The physicians who at first studied the 

_perversions_ in pronounced cases and under peculiar conditions were 

naturally inclined to attribute to them the character of a morbid or 

degenerative sign similar to the _inversions_. This view, however, is 

easier to refute in this than in the former case. Everyday experience 

has shown that most of these transgressions, at least the milder ones, 

are seldom wanting as components in the sexual life of normals who look 

upon them as upon other intimacies. Wherever the conditions are 

favorable such a perversion may for a long time be substituted by a 

normal person for the normal sexual aim or it may be placed near it. In 

no normal person does the normal sexual aim lack some designable 

perverse element, and this universality suffices in itself to prove the 

inexpediency of an opprobrious application of the name perversion. In 

the realm of the sexual life one is sure to meet with exceptional 

difficulties which are at present really unsolvable, if one wishes to 

draw a sharp line between the mere variations within physiological 

limits and morbid symptoms. 

 

Nevertheless, the quality of the new sexual aim in some of these 

perversions is such as to require special notice. Some of the 

perversions are in content so distant from the normal that we cannot 

help calling them "morbid," especially those in which the sexual 

impulse, in overcoming the resistances (shame, loathing, fear, and pain) 

has brought about surprising results (licking of feces and violation of 

cadavers). Yet even in these cases one ought not to feel certain of 

regularly finding among the perpetrators persons of pronounced 

abnormalities or insane minds. We can not lose sight of the fact that 

persons who otherwise behave normally are recorded as sick in the realm 

of the sexual life where they are dominated by the most unbridled of all 

impulses. On the other hand, a manifest abnormality in any other 

relation in life generally shows an undercurrent of abnormal sexual 

behavior. 

 

In the majority of cases we are able to find the morbid character of the 

perversion not in the content of the new sexual aim but in its relation 

to the normal. It is morbid if the perversion does not appear beside the 

normal (sexual aim and sexual object), where favorable circumstances 

promote it and unfavorable impede the normal, or if it has under all 

circumstances repressed and supplanted the normal; _the exclusiveness_ 

and _fixation_ of the perversion justifies us in considering it a morbid 


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